Francisco Libermann

Francisco Libermann

The 12 are born in a small city of the French region of called Alsace Saverne of April of 1802. The Judaism was the religion of its family and for that reason its original name was: Jacobo.

He was fifth of nine brothers; his father, L¡zaro Libermann, were rabbi and dreamed that his son also was it someday. In 1824 he studies in the city of Metz, where there was a Jewish school superior. He is here where the 15 find out the conversion to the catholicism of its brother Sans³n of March of 1824.

Its following stage would be in Paris, at school of San Estanislao. This it is a time in which Libermann gives to many returns to its life and its history, remembering the religion him of its parents and confronting with the Christian doctrine. Little by little, the faith in the Christian God is penetrating its spirit and his heart.

The 24 of December of 1826, to the 24 years, receive the baptism and take as Francisco Mar­a Pablo name. A year later, having indicated its desire to be ordered priest someday, is admitted in the Seminary of San Sulpicio.

P. Francisco Libermann
P. Francisco Libermann

It is then, during his stay in San Sulpicio, when the disease begins to pronounce itself that it would have to suffer during so many years: the epilepsy.

Although this disease was an impediment to receive the sacred orders, the superiors of the seminary of San Sulpicio allows it to have left, although it must change of house and move to the small locality of Issy, near Paris, where it worked during six years as assistant of the administrator.

In 1837 part towards the city of Rennes, in the heat of French Britain, to be assistant of the teacher of beginners of the Eudistas, where it will remain two years.

During his stay with the sulpicianos, Francisco had had the influence of the calls €œgroups of mercy€, two of whose members they were Federico Le Vavasseur and Eugenio Tisserant. With them he had the opportunity to speak of the projects that both they had for the evangelisation of the enslaved black in the French colonies.

Libermann began to think how it could help to them and other young people who would appear later. They, as well, spoke of a possible project adapted missionary to him to the rule of life of the Eudistas. For it, first it was the approval from Santa Sede and for that reason part to Rome in January of 1840, where the 17 of February would be received by Pope Gregorio XVI. The first steps for the project began to occur that Libermann had in mind, €œthe Work of the Blacks€, but it says to him that it is necessary that she is ordered priest.

It remains then some months more in Rome, where he will be useful to write up a €œRule of Life€ for the member futures of the congregation and to write up his €œCommentary to the Gospel of San Juan€.

Seeing Francisco who its health improved progressively, he is decided to initiate the proceedings to be ordered priest in Strasbourg, his diocese of origin and whose seminary the 23 of February of 1841 would enter. The 10 of August of that same year are ordered deacon and, shortly after, the 18 of September, receive the sacerdotal arrangement in the city of Amiens. First mass in the Church of Our Lady of the Victories of Paris will celebrate his, consecrating to Coraz³n de Mar­a Obra of the Blacks.

The 27 of September, along with 12 companions who share the same project missionary, open the novitiate in the Neuville, a district of Amiens, whose property belongs to the bishopric of Amiens and that Libermann will buy in 1842. This would be the first house of the new Congregation of Immaculate Coraz³n de Mar­a.
The 6 of June of that same year, after professing obedience to Libermann, according to the spirit and the project of the Missionaries of the Coraz³n de Mar­a Asylum, had started off already for Isla Mauricio, the P. Santiago Laval, first fruit of the new Institute missionary.

P. Libermann and P. Laval
P. Libermann and P. Laval

Spent hardly a year of the foundation, the first missionaries begin to start off for the island of the Meeting, Martinique and Haiti. The 28 of September of 1842, Santa Sede believe in frica el Vicariato Apost³lico of Two Guinea and Sierra Leone with an extension of almost 8,000 kilometers squared, for which Father Libermann proposes to the Apostolic Vicar seven missionaries who would start off, accompanied by three lay ones, the 13 of September of 1843.

In the period that goes from 1843 to 1845, seventy-five missionaries already had been sent to Africa, of which, forty-two died in a moment, others had to be repatriates; they were difficult times and of hard tests.

In 1846, a house in Faubourg-Noyon is bought, near Amiens, to transfer the novitiate of the Neuville that already remained too small and, in addition, acquires an abbey, Gard, where they will attend the studies of philosophy and theology some thirty students.

From the start of the foundation, Santo had always thought about a possible fusion with the Congregation of the Spirit. Then, this takes place the 28 of September of 1848, with the official approval on the part of Rome, being named general superior, the 3 of November of that same year, Father Francisco Libermann.

Since all the members of their congregation were not in agreement with the fusion, Libermann had to do against many new situations. One of the things that do is to review the Rule of provisional Life that had written up eight years before.

It tried to always maintain the contact with his missionaries through correspondence and always tried, in the measurement of his possibilities of attending many poor men of France, so needed and left as those that were in the mission countries.

In May of 1851 it writes up the €œInstructions to the missionaries€, a notebook of sixty-four pages, considered his spiritual testament.

At the end of year 1851, Father Libermann began to complain a great fatigue frequently and its health is deteriorated quickly. Before this situation one is going away to live to the House Mother, in Paris. It cannot do practically nothing almost all along happening in bed and with a very strict diet.

The 27 of January of 1852, administer extreme unction to him and are the 30 of the same month when, in front of all the community, it goes for the last time to his brothers with these words: €œI see you for the last time; I am happy to see you. Sacrifice to you by Jesus, only by Jesus. God is everything, the man is not nothing. You have spirit of sacrifice, fervor by the glory of God and the souls€.

Its hard agony until the 2 of February, date in which its death takes place.

The mortal rest of the P. Francisco Libermann rest in the chapel of the House Mother of the Congregation of the Spirit Santo and Immaculate Coraz³n de Mar­a.

The Church declared to him Venerable making public the decree of heroism of the 19 virtues of June of 1910